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The Enlightenment  

Last Updated: Nov 18, 2015 URL: http://nsacademy.libguides.com/content.php?pid=403390 Print Guide RSS Updates

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The Englightenment

 

What is the Enlightenment?

An intellectual movement which began in England in the seventeenth century, but then spread to have eventual influence over all sections of the world. The term "Enlightenment," rooted in an intellectual skepticism to traditional beliefs and dogmas, denotes an "illumined" contrast to the supposed dark and superstitious character of the Middle Ages. From its inception, the Enlightenment focused on the power and goodness of human rationality.

Some of the more characterisitic doctrines of the Enlightenment are

1) Reason is the most significant and positive capacity of the human

2) Reason enables one to break free from primitive, dogmatic, and superstitious beliefs holding one in the bonds of irrationality and ignorance

3) In realizing the liberating potential of reason, one not only learns to think correctly, but to act correctly as well

4) Through philosophical and scientific progress, reason can lead humanity as a whole to a state of earthly perfection

5) Reason makes all humans equal and, therefore, deserving of equal liberty and treatment before the law

6) Beliefs of any sort should be accepted only on the basis of reason, and not on traditional or priestly authority

7) All human endeavors should seek to impart and develop knowledge, not feelings or character

(Definition from PBS)

 

Print Resources in the Library

Cover Art
Milestone Documents in World History
ISBN: 0979775868

Cover Art
The Age of Louis XIV - Will and Ariel Durant
ISBN: 1567310192

Cover Art
The Age of Voltaire - Will and Ariel Durant
ISBN: 1567310206

Cover Art
The Timetables of History - Bernard Grun; Eva Simpson
ISBN: 0743270037
Publication Date: 2005-09-13

 

Google Books

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